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Barabar Caves - Visiting Places


About:
Barabar Caves are located at Barabar Hills which is about 20-25 kilometers away from the north of Gaya in BiharThe Barabar Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, mostly dating from the Mauryan period (322–185 BCE), and some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in the Jehanabad District of Bihar. 
These caves are situated in the twin hills of Barabar (four caves) and Nagarjuni (three caves) - caves of the 1.6 km distant Nagarjuni Hill sometimes are singled out as Nagarjuni Caves. These rock-cut chambers date back to the 3rd century BC, Maurya period, of Ashoka (r. 273 BC to 232 BC.) and his son, Dasaratha. We also found several rock-cut Buddhist and Hindu sculptures.
Most caves at Barabar consist of two chambers, carved entirely out of granite, with a highly polished internal surface and exciting echo effect. The first chamber was meant for worshippers to congregate in a large rectangular hall, and the second, a small, circular, domed chamber for worship, this inner chamber probably had a small stupa like structure, at some point, though they are now empty.
Caves at Barabar:
Lomas Rishi cave: The arch-like shape facade of Lomas Rishi Caves, imitate the contemporary timber architecture. On the doorway, a row of elephants proceed towards stupa emblems, along the curvedarchitrave.
Sudama cave: This cave was dedicated by Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka in 261 BC. The arches of Sudama cave are of bow shape. The caves consist of a circular vaulted chamber with a rectangular mandapa.
Karan Chaupar (Karna Chaupar): Consists of single rectangular room with polished surfaces, contains inscription which could be dated to 245 BC.
Visva Zopri: Reachable by Asoka steps hewn in cliff, consists of two rectangular rooms.
LOCAL INFORMATION:
By Air - The nearest airports are at Patna(105 km) and Gaya(20 km). The Gaya airport is a domestic airport but at the same time is connected to international cities of Colombo and Bangkok.
By Rail - The nearest rail heads are at Gaya(20 km) and Bela(8 km).
By Road - The Barabar caves, 20 kilometers away from Gaya, are well connected by roadways to other major places such as Patna(105 km), the state capital of Bihar, Bodh Gaya(12 km).
To Visit:
You can visit this Caves at Bihar during any time of the year. Traveling to Barabar Caves, Gaya at Bihar is not difficult as you can take up any local transport such as bus or taxi from Gaya to reach the caves. 
 

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